A THOUSAND WORDS - Alex Waterhouse-Hayward's blog on pictures, plants, politics and whatever else is on his mind.




 

A Turning Point Ensemble Carnival Without Sauce Béarnaise
Saturday, March 07, 2015

I could compose graceful ballets of my own if I wanted to - by the score. The fact is, I detest conventional 'nightingale and rose' poetry; my own inclinations are 'primitive', I eat my meat without sauce Béarnaise.
Vaslav Nijinksy


L' Après-midi d'un Faune - 1912 - Baron Adolf de Meyer


As a young twenty something in the early 60s I attended a concert with friends at the University of Mexico that featured a soprano singing Olivier Messiaen. I hated it and I quoted (to my friends) my Spanish grandmother’s “los gemidos de Poncio Pilato” (the moans of Pontius Pilate. In fact the only composer of the 20th century that I almost warmly liked was one called Ellington.

Little by little with youth out the window I learned to appreciate last century’s composers. One most important event was the Turning Point Ensemble’s A Quartet for the End of Time (and yes! Messiaen) a few years back at Ryerson United Church.  Of late thanks to the Microcosmos String Quartet I can add Bartók and Britten. Thanks to all the new music festivals at the VSO I can add contemporary composers I had never heard of until now.

Turning Point Ensemble’s, concert called Carnival  this coming Friday and Saturday features music of the 20th and 21st century. But two of them are from the end of the 19th. Of Camille Saint-Saëns’s Carnival of the Animals I will write in tomorrow’s blog. The other 19th century work is Claude Debussy’s Prelude to the Afternoon of the Faun.

I cannot speak for others but the most recognizable music of the 20th Century (if you include this work by Debussy) might be Erik Satie’s Gymnopédie No 1, Joaquín Rodrigo’s Concierto de Aranjuez  and all those Philip Glass pieces that are background to energy ads on American TV. The rest of that repertoire including Bartók I could not hum you the first few bars.

Thanks to the likes of the Turning Point Ensemble and of those intimate new music gatherings at Pyatt Hall and the Vancouver Symphony’s little hall on Seymour this is changing for this old man. It amply proves that you can indeed teach an old dog new tricks.

To those who might be tempted to attend this Friday’s and Saturday’s  Carnival and as you listen to the soft melodious and so comforting (because of your recognition) Debussy I might just add a bit here that could change your mind to enjoy it even more.

It (the Debussy) all began with Nicéphore Niépce’s first photograph taken circa 1826/27.
You might wonder how a photograph could affect music. There is no doubt in my mind that Isaac Newton’s scientific (most precise they were) discoveries in the in the 17th century led to the Age of Enlightenment in the 18th when reason became paramount. Would it have influenced all those Bach canons and those nicely mathematical fugues of the baroque period? I believe so.

Its after effect in the 19th century was the advent of romantic music. But there was one French painter, the most famous painter of the 19th century (now almost forgotten) who stuck to his precise guns.

His name was Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier.

It wasn’t until I read Canadian author, Ross King’s The Judgement of Paris – The Revolutionary Decade That Gave the World Impressionism that I heard a big click in my head that brought photography, art and music together in one swoop.

I will be short in the explanation (I have re-read King's The Judgement of Paris several times) but here is more or less how that click happened. In 1814 Meissonier started with his The Campaign of France a theme that included Napoleon on a horse in battle or on his way to one. Meissonier’s paintings were large (The Campaign of France was his smallest at 76.5 cm) and had incredible detail such as Napoleon’s sprouting beard, the veins on the horse and the dirty snow result of the trampling of an army.

This man held court in France and in most of the civilized Western world. But something happened in 1827 that was to change the direction of painting as art. In 1827 Nicéphore Niépce took a picture from his kitchen window that was the world’s first heliograph. By 1839 the French Academy of Sciences announced to the world the Daguerreotype process. Later in that year the English Henry Fox Talbot announced his collotype process.

Photography was to painting in the 1840s and on what the internet seems to be doing to print in our very own 21st century. The world was in an uproar. Photography could now reveal the minutest detail with ease. Meissonier was as obsolete as is the formal photographic portrait photographer now (and alas me!).

Édouard Manet and Claude Monet decided that they could not compete with photography and found Meissioner a tired old man of the rear guard. “If we cannot paint in great detail, we shall do the opposite,” they might have asserted. So that is how Impressionism was born. From real close you could see the detail of Napoleon’s beard on a Meissonier painting. At that distance in a Manet’s Le Déjeuner sur l'herbe you would not see much. You had to stand back to see the painter’s intention.

With Impressionism in vogue the startlingly realistic L'Origine du monde by Courbet was seen as tired as Meissonier. But art history has been kinder to Courbet than it has been to Meissonier. The former is still famous and the latter is mostly forgotten.

As a parallel to this, photographers got tired of recording detail so such pioneers as Alfred Stieglitz began a movement called Pictorialism in which photographs were hazy, blurry and painterly. By the late 1920s this movement began to weaken to be replaced by photographers who now wanted to shoot with consummate sharpness. This is how the Group f64 began headed by Ansel Adams and Willard Van Dyke.

Since then both photography and painting have gone back and forth between great detail and abstraction and have influenced each other. We might want to add music to this.

Debussy disliked the idea that his music could be called impressionistic. But it did shock as much as Manet’s paintings did in the Paris Salon’s. His Prelude (a complete work in spite of the name) was performed for the first time in Paris on December 22, 1894.


Debussy might to this day not be as famous as he surely is if he had not been approached by Sergei Diaghilev, impresario for Ballet Russe in 1911 requesting permission to use the Prelude for a new work (his first) by Vaslav Nijinsky. While Nijinsky confessed to have never read Stéphan Mallarmé’s (Carmen) poem, L’Après-mdi d’un Faune, his ballet, first performed in 1912 stayed as true to the poem as Debussy said he did with his Prelude.

Whichever way you look at it, when you listen to Debussy’s Prelude imagine the Paris police being asked to close the production because of lewd movements in the end of the work by Nijinsky in which he allegedly masturbated with  a faun’s veil.

Best of all when you listen to this wonderful work imagine the ballet as seen by the photographs of Baron Adolf de Meyer’s photographs taken not at the performance but at his studio. He used all kinds of devices to unsharpen his images and what is left is a beautiful record of a ballet (it shocked the people of its time) which perhaps someday we might witness here in Vancouver. Until then listen to the Prelude and imagine all the hullabaloo behind it. We are beyond shock now.

I would suggest a good dose of Bartók via the Microcosmos String Quartet soon.

Or perhaps get ready to listen to this Friday (or Saturday) a paired down L' Après-midi d'un Faune arranged in 1920 by composer Benno Sachs who was part of Arnold Schoenberg's circle.

If the stylized hands of the dancers in Baron Adolf de Meyer's photographs make you curious here is is a version of the ballet by Rudolph Nureyev This video reminds me of A.K. Dewdney's two-dimensional world - The Planiverse.

The bassoonist is going to do it



     

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1/11/15 - 1/18/15

1/18/15 - 1/25/15

1/25/15 - 2/1/15

2/1/15 - 2/8/15

2/8/15 - 2/15/15

2/15/15 - 2/22/15

2/22/15 - 3/1/15

3/1/15 - 3/8/15

3/8/15 - 3/15/15

3/15/15 - 3/22/15

3/22/15 - 3/29/15

3/29/15 - 4/5/15

4/5/15 - 4/12/15

4/12/15 - 4/19/15

4/19/15 - 4/26/15

4/26/15 - 5/3/15

5/3/15 - 5/10/15

5/10/15 - 5/17/15

5/17/15 - 5/24/15

5/24/15 - 5/31/15

5/31/15 - 6/7/15

6/7/15 - 6/14/15

6/14/15 - 6/21/15

6/21/15 - 6/28/15

6/28/15 - 7/5/15

7/5/15 - 7/12/15

7/12/15 - 7/19/15

7/19/15 - 7/26/15

7/26/15 - 8/2/15

8/2/15 - 8/9/15

8/9/15 - 8/16/15

8/16/15 - 8/23/15

8/23/15 - 8/30/15

8/30/15 - 9/6/15

9/6/15 - 9/13/15

9/13/15 - 9/20/15

9/20/15 - 9/27/15

9/27/15 - 10/4/15

10/4/15 - 10/11/15

10/18/15 - 10/25/15

10/25/15 - 11/1/15

11/1/15 - 11/8/15

11/8/15 - 11/15/15

11/15/15 - 11/22/15

11/22/15 - 11/29/15

11/29/15 - 12/6/15

12/6/15 - 12/13/15

12/13/15 - 12/20/15

12/20/15 - 12/27/15

12/27/15 - 1/3/16

1/3/16 - 1/10/16

1/10/16 - 1/17/16

1/31/16 - 2/7/16

2/7/16 - 2/14/16

2/14/16 - 2/21/16

2/21/16 - 2/28/16

2/28/16 - 3/6/16

3/6/16 - 3/13/16

3/13/16 - 3/20/16

3/20/16 - 3/27/16

3/27/16 - 4/3/16

4/3/16 - 4/10/16

4/10/16 - 4/17/16

4/17/16 - 4/24/16

4/24/16 - 5/1/16

5/1/16 - 5/8/16

5/8/16 - 5/15/16

5/15/16 - 5/22/16

5/22/16 - 5/29/16

5/29/16 - 6/5/16

6/5/16 - 6/12/16

6/12/16 - 6/19/16

6/19/16 - 6/26/16

6/26/16 - 7/3/16

7/3/16 - 7/10/16

7/10/16 - 7/17/16

7/17/16 - 7/24/16

7/24/16 - 7/31/16

7/31/16 - 8/7/16

8/7/16 - 8/14/16

8/14/16 - 8/21/16

8/21/16 - 8/28/16

8/28/16 - 9/4/16

9/4/16 - 9/11/16

9/11/16 - 9/18/16

9/18/16 - 9/25/16

9/25/16 - 10/2/16

10/2/16 - 10/9/16

10/9/16 - 10/16/16

10/16/16 - 10/23/16

10/23/16 - 10/30/16

10/30/16 - 11/6/16

11/6/16 - 11/13/16

11/13/16 - 11/20/16

11/20/16 - 11/27/16

11/27/16 - 12/4/16

12/4/16 - 12/11/16

12/11/16 - 12/18/16

12/18/16 - 12/25/16

12/25/16 - 1/1/17

1/1/17 - 1/8/17

1/8/17 - 1/15/17

1/15/17 - 1/22/17

1/22/17 - 1/29/17

1/29/17 - 2/5/17

2/5/17 - 2/12/17

2/12/17 - 2/19/17

2/19/17 - 2/26/17

2/26/17 - 3/5/17

3/5/17 - 3/12/17