A THOUSAND WORDS - Alex Waterhouse-Hayward's blog on pictures, plants, politics and whatever else is on his mind.




 

Sirius the Dog Star & a Hot Havana Noon
Sunday, April 08, 2018





In our recent trip to Mérida when we stopped at the Mexico City airport I immediately went to a bookstore to see what I could find. I was rewarded in finding a very new just released (2018) novel La Transparencia del Tiempo by my fave contemporary Cuban writer Leonardo Padura (formerly going by the name of Leonardo Padura Fuentes).

This novel is unique in that it is all about a very today Havana in which our ex-cop, bookseller and finder, Mario Conde is about to become 60. Padura’s protagonist suffers a bit of existential ennui in a city in which Padura carefully skirts what it is like to live in the regime of the moment.

But the novel is unique in another way. I would not have been able to read this book comfortably in pre-smart phone times. When I read Jorge Luís Borges, Mario Vargas Llosa, Homero Aridjis or Julio Cortázar I do not have to constantly consult a mataburros. The donkey killer is Castillian Spanish slang for a dictionary.

Padura has a way with words. Consider the following:

Durante demasiados años, muchas veces, habían comido gracias a las artes ocultas de Josefina [una eximia cocinera de 80 años], pero nunca habían lapidado la ansiedad nutritiva endémica sufrida a lo largo y ancho de sus vidas, como millones de cubanos, cuyos estómagos habían sido custodiados durante décadas por la libreta de abastecimiento, ¿o de desabastecimiento?, que les impedia morir de hambre y no les permitía  vivir sin hambre. Y por eso, cumplido el momento estético, se lanzaron al ataque.

For too many years, often they had eaten thanks to culinary magic of Josefina [a very good cook at 80], but they had never eliminated that endemic nutritional anxiety of their whole lives, like many Cubans, whose stomachs had been taken care of by a ration card , or an un-ration card?, which prevented them from dying of hunger and did not prevent them from living without hunger. That is why now faced with a table of food they went on the attack.

My translation


Padura’s way with words goes further into the realm of words I have never ever seen before. Every time I have read a novel in English with the word inchoate I guess at its meaning. To this day I must look it up.

With Padura when reading in bed my smart phone is on the night table ready for the word search.
Last night one word was this one:

Al llegar a su casa y antes de regalarse una siesta que lo aliviara de la cañicula nasesina del mediodía, Conde había llamado a su amigo Carlos.

When he got home and before gifting himself with a siesta that would aleviate “the canicula “of the midday, Conde had called his friend Carlos.
My translation


I had never seen this word, canícula before. I looked it up and it was all about early summer heat. But I became curious with that route word cani.

This is what I found in Wikipedia en español:

La canícula, período canicular o días de las canículas es la temporada del año en la cual el calor es más fuerte, tanto en el hemisferio Sur como en el Norte (desfasados seis meses entre sí). La duración oscila entre cuatro y siete semanas, dependiendo del lugar.



La canícula comienza unas semanas después del solsticio de verano (que ocurre el 21 de junio en el hemisferio norte y el 21 de diciembre en el hemisferio sur); es la época en la que el sol del mediodía está a la máxima altura posible sobre el horizonte. Una fecha aproximada es el 14 de julio para el hemisferio norte.

My curiousity took me further:

De la expresión canícula, derivada de canes / perros, y su alusión al fenómeno de calor abrasivo, existe un fundamento astronómico: alude a la constelación Can Mayor / Canícula [conocida así por Horacio, Blánquez, Tomo 1 (1985, 280)] y su estrella Sirio, La Abrasadora, cuyo orto helíaco coincidía con el fenómeno de calor abrasivo. Así lo ratifica el astrónomo Joachim Herrmann (1986, 148):


Su primera salida, es decir su reaparición como estrella visible en el cielo de la mañana después de su período de invisibilidad, coincidía hace algunos siglos con los días más calurosos. De ahí proviene el calificativo de días perros.

Sin embargo, debido a la precesión del eje terrestre, actualmente reaparece Sirio en el cielo matutino a principios de septiembre. Según comenta Herrmann (1986):

La procedencia de la denominación Sirio no está del todo clara. Tal vez el nombre procede de la astronomía de la antigua Babilonia y (...) la misma palabra significa también la abrasadora.

Por otra parte, la gente de campo, sobre todo las personas mayores que se acostumbraron a iniciar la siembra de sus cultivos mirando a las estrellas en los países de América Central, notaban que cerca del 15 de julio el clima se secaba y no era conveniente sembrar. Este tiempo seco terminaba cerca del 15 de agosto, en cuya fecha reiniciaban la siembra. Este tiempo parecía coincidir con la posición de la constelación del Can Menor en el cenit a la media noche, aproximadamente de los 15 grados a los -15 grados del cenit. A este tiempo se le denominaba canícula (can pequeño), por referirse al Can Menor.


In English it is as follows:

The dog days or dog days of summer are the hot, sultry days of summer. They were historically the period following the heliacal rising of the star Sirius, which Greek and Roman astrology connected with heat, drought, sudden thunderstorms, lethargy, fever, mad dogs, and bad luck. They are now taken to be the hottest, most uncomfortable part of summer in the Northern Hemisphere.


And in further detail as to the origin:

The English name is a calque of the Latin dies caniculares (lit. "the puppy days"), itself a calque of the Greek kynádes hēmérai (κυνάδες μέραι, "dog days") The Greeks knew the star α Canis Majoris by several names, including Sirius (Σείριος, Seírios, "Scorcher"), Sothis (Σθις, Sôthis, a transcription of Egyptian Spdt), and the Dog Star (Κ́ων, Kúōn).The last name reflects the way Sirius follows the constellation Orion into the night sky.



Sirius is by far the brightest proper star in the night sky, which caused ancient astronomers to take note of it around the world. In Egypt, its return to the night sky became known as a precursor to the annual flooding of the Nile and was worshipped as the goddess Sopdet. In Greece, it became known as the precursor of the unpleasantly hot phase of the summer. Greek poets even recorded the belief that the return of the bright star was responsible for bringing heat and fever with it; it was also associated with sudden thunderstorms. In Homer's Iliad, probably composed in the 8th century BC but representing an earlier tradition, Achilles' approach towards Troy, where he will slay Hector, is illustrated through an extended metaphor about the baleful effects attending the return of Sirius:

To anybody who remembers the film the 1975 Dog Day Afternoon with Al Pacino you know it is about sticky heat.

So Conde is complaining of a very hot tropical noon which he is going to alleviate with a siesta.

Further research informed me that the brightest star in the night sky after our sun is Sirius which takes me to that lovely science fiction book Sirius by Olaf Stapledon a writer whom I have read and admired for years.

As for Padura’s novel my Galaxy is on the ready for further consultation.




     

Previous Posts
Pastoral Jessi

Una Simple Taza de Té

Death - Cats & Shoe Boxes

The Warmth of Mexico - Part X - El Templo Mayor

Noli me tangere & Mary Magdalene

Carl Chaplin - Nuclear Oblivion in Vancouver

Baroness Katarina Nádasdy

A Vision Impure Assymetry

Car Show Detailed

Artspeak



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11/23/14 - 11/30/14

11/30/14 - 12/7/14

12/7/14 - 12/14/14

12/14/14 - 12/21/14

12/21/14 - 12/28/14

12/28/14 - 1/4/15

1/4/15 - 1/11/15

1/11/15 - 1/18/15

1/18/15 - 1/25/15

1/25/15 - 2/1/15

2/1/15 - 2/8/15

2/8/15 - 2/15/15

2/15/15 - 2/22/15

2/22/15 - 3/1/15

3/1/15 - 3/8/15

3/8/15 - 3/15/15

3/15/15 - 3/22/15

3/22/15 - 3/29/15

3/29/15 - 4/5/15

4/5/15 - 4/12/15

4/12/15 - 4/19/15

4/19/15 - 4/26/15

4/26/15 - 5/3/15

5/3/15 - 5/10/15

5/10/15 - 5/17/15

5/17/15 - 5/24/15

5/24/15 - 5/31/15

5/31/15 - 6/7/15

6/7/15 - 6/14/15

6/14/15 - 6/21/15

6/21/15 - 6/28/15

6/28/15 - 7/5/15

7/5/15 - 7/12/15

7/12/15 - 7/19/15

7/19/15 - 7/26/15

7/26/15 - 8/2/15

8/2/15 - 8/9/15

8/9/15 - 8/16/15

8/16/15 - 8/23/15

8/23/15 - 8/30/15

8/30/15 - 9/6/15

9/6/15 - 9/13/15

9/13/15 - 9/20/15

9/20/15 - 9/27/15

9/27/15 - 10/4/15

10/4/15 - 10/11/15

10/18/15 - 10/25/15

10/25/15 - 11/1/15

11/1/15 - 11/8/15

11/8/15 - 11/15/15

11/15/15 - 11/22/15

11/22/15 - 11/29/15

11/29/15 - 12/6/15

12/6/15 - 12/13/15

12/13/15 - 12/20/15

12/20/15 - 12/27/15

12/27/15 - 1/3/16

1/3/16 - 1/10/16

1/10/16 - 1/17/16

1/31/16 - 2/7/16

2/7/16 - 2/14/16

2/14/16 - 2/21/16

2/21/16 - 2/28/16

2/28/16 - 3/6/16

3/6/16 - 3/13/16

3/13/16 - 3/20/16

3/20/16 - 3/27/16

3/27/16 - 4/3/16

4/3/16 - 4/10/16

4/10/16 - 4/17/16

4/17/16 - 4/24/16

4/24/16 - 5/1/16

5/1/16 - 5/8/16

5/8/16 - 5/15/16

5/15/16 - 5/22/16

5/22/16 - 5/29/16

5/29/16 - 6/5/16

6/5/16 - 6/12/16

6/12/16 - 6/19/16

6/19/16 - 6/26/16

6/26/16 - 7/3/16

7/3/16 - 7/10/16

7/10/16 - 7/17/16

7/17/16 - 7/24/16

7/24/16 - 7/31/16

7/31/16 - 8/7/16

8/7/16 - 8/14/16

8/14/16 - 8/21/16

8/21/16 - 8/28/16

8/28/16 - 9/4/16

9/4/16 - 9/11/16

9/11/16 - 9/18/16

9/18/16 - 9/25/16

9/25/16 - 10/2/16

10/2/16 - 10/9/16

10/9/16 - 10/16/16

10/16/16 - 10/23/16

10/23/16 - 10/30/16

10/30/16 - 11/6/16

11/6/16 - 11/13/16

11/13/16 - 11/20/16

11/20/16 - 11/27/16

11/27/16 - 12/4/16

12/4/16 - 12/11/16

12/11/16 - 12/18/16

12/18/16 - 12/25/16

12/25/16 - 1/1/17

1/1/17 - 1/8/17

1/8/17 - 1/15/17

1/15/17 - 1/22/17

1/22/17 - 1/29/17

1/29/17 - 2/5/17

2/5/17 - 2/12/17

2/12/17 - 2/19/17

2/19/17 - 2/26/17

2/26/17 - 3/5/17

3/5/17 - 3/12/17

3/12/17 - 3/19/17

3/19/17 - 3/26/17

3/26/17 - 4/2/17

4/2/17 - 4/9/17

4/9/17 - 4/16/17

4/16/17 - 4/23/17

4/23/17 - 4/30/17

4/30/17 - 5/7/17

5/7/17 - 5/14/17

5/14/17 - 5/21/17

5/21/17 - 5/28/17

5/28/17 - 6/4/17

6/4/17 - 6/11/17

6/11/17 - 6/18/17

6/18/17 - 6/25/17

6/25/17 - 7/2/17

7/2/17 - 7/9/17

7/9/17 - 7/16/17

7/16/17 - 7/23/17

7/23/17 - 7/30/17

7/30/17 - 8/6/17

8/6/17 - 8/13/17

8/13/17 - 8/20/17

8/20/17 - 8/27/17

8/27/17 - 9/3/17

9/3/17 - 9/10/17

9/10/17 - 9/17/17

9/17/17 - 9/24/17

9/24/17 - 10/1/17

10/1/17 - 10/8/17

10/8/17 - 10/15/17

10/15/17 - 10/22/17

10/22/17 - 10/29/17

10/29/17 - 11/5/17

11/5/17 - 11/12/17

11/12/17 - 11/19/17

11/19/17 - 11/26/17

11/26/17 - 12/3/17

12/3/17 - 12/10/17

12/10/17 - 12/17/17

12/17/17 - 12/24/17

12/24/17 - 12/31/17

12/31/17 - 1/7/18

1/7/18 - 1/14/18

1/14/18 - 1/21/18

1/21/18 - 1/28/18

1/28/18 - 2/4/18

2/4/18 - 2/11/18

2/11/18 - 2/18/18

2/18/18 - 2/25/18

2/25/18 - 3/4/18

3/4/18 - 3/11/18

3/11/18 - 3/18/18

3/18/18 - 3/25/18

3/25/18 - 4/1/18

4/1/18 - 4/8/18

4/8/18 - 4/15/18

4/15/18 - 4/22/18

4/22/18 - 4/29/18

4/29/18 - 5/6/18

5/6/18 - 5/13/18

5/13/18 - 5/20/18

5/20/18 - 5/27/18

5/27/18 - 6/3/18

6/3/18 - 6/10/18

6/10/18 - 6/17/18

6/17/18 - 6/24/18